Har du svært ved at koncentrere dig? Så er du måske et kreativt geni
Creativity and Sensory Gating
In our everyday life we are constantly bombarded by sensory information, but some people seem to be more affected by this sensory input than others, or you may say some people have “leakier” sensory filters than other people. There are numerous anecdotal accounts of eminent creative people being especially sensitive to noise. Marcel Proust, for example, wore ear-stoppers because he was unable to filter out irrelevant noise, and lined his bedroom with cork to attenuate sound. Richard Wagner noted “a master needs quiet; calm and quiet are his most imperative needs.” And Franz Kafka asserted “I need solitude for my writing; not ‘like a hermit’ – that wouldn’t be enough – but like a dead man.” Others, such as Charles Darwin, Anton Chekhov, and Johan Goethe also strongly lamented the distracting nature of noise.
Our recent work provides first physiological evidence that creativity may indeed be associated with the reduced ability to filter our “irrelevant” sensory information. Specifically, we find that people with real-world creative achievements are less likely to filter out sound than their less creative counterparts. Additionally, they do it involuntarily, as this happens very early in the processing stream—only 50 ms after the onset of the sound.Reduced sensory gating is akin to reduced latent inhibition, or a reduced ability to screen or inhibit from conscious awareness stimuli previously experienced as irrelevant. Thus reduced latent inhibition may enhance creativity by enlarging the range of unfiltered stimuli available in conscious awareness, thereby increasing the possibility that novel and useful combinations of stimuli will be synthesized. Therefore leaky attention may underlie both costs and benefits of creative cognition: Noise and other environmental stimuli can serve as distractors for creative people, leading them to make errors on some tasks, as well as generally making their life less comfortable. At the same time, leaky attention may help people integrate ideas that are outside the focus of attention into their current information processing, leading to creative thinking.
When we considered sensory gating with respect to real-world creative achievement, we saw that people with high creative achievements didn’t inhibit or didn’t gate as much of the sounds compared to people with fewer creative achievements.
Thus, real-world creative achievers appear to have reduced filtering of sensory information, which may be the mechanism for their wider focus on a larger range of stimuli, and their ability to make connections between distantly related concepts or ideas. In conjunction with other protective factors, such as cognitive control, reduced sensory gating may be what is needed for real-world creative achievements. In the absence of strong cognitive control (or other protective factors), leaky sensory processing may be a risk factor for attention disorders and/or psychopathology.
Thus it is possible that some risk factors that are associated with elevated psychopathology, such as leaky sensory gating, might also, in combination with other factors, be a "risk" factor for increased creative achievement, as previously suggested. Therefore for some prominent creative achievers who complained about noise as a source of distraction, the same leaky filters may have facilitated their creativity.
At lave gruppearbejde i et støjende klasseværelse kan være hæmmende for børn med særlige kreative evner.
Et støjende redaktionslokale er måske ikke det bedste sted at arbejde hvis vil praktisere og udvikle en mere kreativ form for journalistik.
For bare at nævne to forhold jeg umiddelbart kom på.
Her et link til Darya Zabelinas resumeartikel: