Ny forskning: Musikundervisning gør børn mere lærenemme
Billedkunst er fint, men vil man for alvor forbedre sine børns evner i skolen, er det musik, der skal til.
Researchers followed 147 Dutch schoolchildren—half of whom took supplemental music-education classes, along with their regular curriculum—for two-plus years, beginning at age six.
"Children who received music lessons showed improved language-based reasoning, and the ability to plan, organize and complete tasks, as well as improved academic achievement," lead author Artur Jaschke of VU University of Amsterdam said in announcing the findings. "This suggests that the cognitive skills developed during music lessons can influence children's cognitive abilities in completely unrelated subjects, leading to overall improved academic performance."(...)The weekly music lessons were one to two hours long, and were incorporated into the kids' regular school day. Instructors used a structured, carefully designed curriculum that began by introducing "melody, meter and rhythm," before moving on to a combination of music theory classes and practical lessons on instruments chosen by the children themselves.(...)"The results show that children following structured music lessons perform better on tasks measuring verbal IQ, planning, and inhibition" compared to the other two groups, the researchers write
While noting that this study did not involve brain scans, the researchers allude to previous work that's found music practice, over time, increases connectivity between different parts of the brain."As a byproduct (of music lessons), overlapping prefrontal cortex structures associated with inhibition and planning also improve," they write, arguing this is the likely catalyst for the music students' superior test scores.
Brains scans have been able to identify the difference in brain structure between musicians and non-musicians. Most notably, the corpus callosum, a massive bundle of nerve fibres connecting the two sides of the brain, is larger in musicians. Also, the areas involving movement, hearing, and visuospatial abilities appear to be larger in professional keyboard players.Initially, these studies couldn't determine if these differences were caused by musical training of if anatomical differences predispose some to become musicians. Ultimately, longitudinal studies showed that children who do 14 months of musical training displayed more powerful structural and functional brain changes.
1. Strengthens bonds with others. This shouldn't be surprising. Think about your favorite band. They can only make a record when they have contact, coordination, and cooperation with each other.
2. Strengthens memory and reading skills. The Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory at Northwestern University states that this is because music and reading are related via common neural and cognitive mechanisms.
3. Playing music makes you happy. McMaster University discovered that babies who took interactive music classes displayed better early communication skills. They also smiled more.
4. Musicians can process multiple things at once. As mentioned above, this is because playing music forces you to process multiple senses at once. This can lead superior multisensory skills.
5. Musical increases blood flow in your brain. Studies have found that short bursts of musical training increase the blood flow to the left hemisphere of the brain. That can be helpful when you need a burst of energy. Skip the energy drink and jam for 30 minutes.
6. Music helps the brain recover. Motor control improved in everyday activities with stroke patients.
7. Music reduces stress and depression. A study of cancer patients found that listening and playing music reduced anxiety. Another study revealed that music therapy lowered levels of depression and anxiety.
8. Musical training strengthens the brain's' executive function. Executive function covers critical tasks like processing and retaining information, controlling behavior, making, and problem-solving. If strengthened, you can boost your ability to live. Musical training can improve and strengthen executive functioning in both children and adults.
And, wrap-up, check out this awesome short animation from TED-Ed on how playing an instrument benefits your brain.
I en ny bog argumenterer hjerneforsker Kjeld Fredens for, at eleverne ville lære langt mere, hvis de praktiske og kunstneriske elementer fik større vægt i skolen.Man kunne rask væk både forkorte skoledagen og bruge flere timer på musik, bevægelse og håndværk. Og samtidig ville eleverne lære mere.Sådan lyder påstanden fra Kjeld Fredens, der er netop har udgivet bogen ’Læring med kroppen forrest’, hvor han med udgangspunkt i den nyeste hjerneforskning argumenterer for, at børn lærer mere og bedre, hvis kroppen er involveret i læringen.»Helt forenklet sagt, så skal man gribe noget, før man kan begribe det,« lyder det fra Kjeld Fredens, som er læge, hjerneforsker og foredragsholder og har udgivet en række bøger om hjernen.Hans bog udkommer netop, som politikerne på Christiansborg drøfter, hvordan de praktiske elementer i skolen kan blive styrket, så skolen ikke kun byder på succesoplevelser for de bogligt stærke elever. Skolen skal både appellere til de kloge hoveder og de kloge hænder, lyder det i debatten.