|Oldgamle stenperler fra Burma|
Så jeg skulle naturligvis købe et par af guidens gamle burmesiske stensmykker - sten perler.
Og da han var ekspert på området og stenperle-handler med international hjemmeside og status, så tror jeg på at han borger for kvaliteten, og altså er garant for at de to jeg købte, er ægte og ikke senere forfalskninger eller helt nyproducerede.
Den slags omtales på nettet som 'beads' som betyder noget i retning af 'kunst-perler'. Og de har altså enten været brugt i en halskæde eller et armbånd af 'ancient beads', eller de kan også have været båret enkeltvis i en snor om halsen.
Som fælles betegnelse for den slags findes navnet 'dzi beads'.
Dzi bead (Tib. གཟི།; pronounced "zee"; alternative spelling: gzi) is a type of stone bead of uncertain origin worn as part of a necklace and sometimes as a bracelet.
In several Asian cultures, including that of Tibet, the bead is considered to provide positive spiritual benefit. These beads are generally prized as protective amulets and are sometimes ground into a powder to be used in traditional Tibetan medicine.
Beads subject to this process have small "dig marks" where a portion of the bead has been scraped or ground away to be included in the medicine.
Some dzi exhibit grinding and polishing of one or both ends, again the result of reduction for use in traditional Tibetan medicine or, in some cases, due to the bead's use as a burnishing tool in the application of gold leaf to thanka paintings or gilt bronze statuary.
The most highly prized dzi beads are those of ancient age, made of natural agate. The original source of these beads is a mystery. While the traditional, ancient-style beads are greatly preferred, new modern-made dzi are gaining popularity amongst Tibetans.
The Pyu city states (Burmese: ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ) were a group of city-states that existed from c. 2nd century BCE to c. mid-11th century in present-day Upper Burma (Myanmar). The city-states were founded as part of the southward migration by the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu people, the earliest inhabitants of Burma of whom records are extant. The thousand-year period, often referred to as the Pyu millennium, linked the Bronze Age to the beginning of the classical states period when the Pagan Kingdom emerged in the late 9th century.
|Kort over Burma omkring år 1000|
In the kingdom of spirit animals, the bear is emblematic of grounding forces and strength. This animal has been worshiped throughout time as a powerful totem, inspiring those who need it the courage to stand up against adversity. As a spirit animal in touch with the earth and the cycles of nature, it is a powerful guide to support physical and emotional healing.
Den zoomorfiske 'bjørn' i krystal har øverst under 'øjet' til kæden fået en 'hat' af et fingerfilodendron-blad som tydeligt ses her:
|Stupaer på Bagan-sletten i Burma|
Disse fascinerende 800 til 1000 år gamle bygningsværker er altså det varige udtryk for den budhistiske kultur og religion som bredte sig fra Indien og Cylon til Burma, og som omkring år 1000 overtog kulturen og magten efter den animistiske Pyu/Tirkul-kultur og religion der havde rødder tilbage til stenalderen.
Myanmar's folk religion refers to the animistic and polytheistic religious worship of nats (deities of local and Hindu origin) in Burma (Myanmar). Although the beliefs of nats differ across different regions and villages in Burma, there are a handful of beliefs that are universal in Burmese folk religion.A nat is a spirit or god who resembles a human in shape that often maintains or guards objects. When people die, they can become nats. Those who become nats often have a gruesome violent death which explains their vengeful nature.Nats also are believed to have the ability to possess animals, such as tigers or alligators. These spirits can also be found in nature in things such as trees and rocks.The majority of these nats are viewed as troublesome and irritable. They require calming, food and offerings.