As we´ll see, creative observation is a skill that requieres a balance of paying attention to the world around us and tuning in to our inner landscape - a balance of mindfulness; a focused, nonjudgmental awareness and the present moment; and mind-wandering.
Citatet her er fra kapitlet Mindfulness - og er et oplæg til et underafsnit med titlen The Art of Attention. Altså: Kunsten ar være opmærksom.
As humans we are often "not present" in our own lives. We often fail to notice the good things about our lives, fail to hear what our bodies are telling us, or poison ourselves with toxic self critism.Human minds are easily distracted, habitually examining past events and trying to anticipate the future. Becoming more aware of our thoughts, feelings and sensations may not sound like an obviously helpful thing to do, however learning to do this in a way that suspends judgement and self-criticism can have an incredibly positive impact on our lives.Mindfulness is a way of paying attention to, and seeing clearly whatever is happening in our lives. It will not eliminate life's pressures, but it can help us respond to them in a calmer manner that benefits our heart, head, and body. It helps us recognise and step away from habitual, often unconscious emotional and physiological reactions to everyday events. It provides us with a scientifically researched approach to cultivating clarity, insight, and understanding. Practicing mindfulness allows us to be fully present in our life and work, and improve our quality of life.
En kritik som deles af Lone Frank som jeg refererer til i det her indlæg:
Mantraet som er sort tale, får man udleveret ved en religiøst-farvet ceremoni.
TM-hjemmesiden transcendental-meditation.dk forklarer hvad det går ud på:
Når sindet transcenderer den fineste tankeimpuls, kommer det i en tilstand af indre stilhed. Og det sker på en fuldstændig naturlig og uanstrengt måde. Vi kan ikke tvinge sindet til at blive stille, og det behøver vi heller ikke. Med den rette metode stilner sindet sig selv. Når sindet transcenderer, kommer kroppen også i en dybt afslappet tilstand, og det sker langt hurtigere end under søvn.Den hvile man får under TM-udøvelsen er meget dybere end hvilen under almindelig afslapning med lukkede øjne. Den adskiller sig fra den hvile man får når man sover, ved at man forbliver vågen og med en kohærent hjernefunktion. Det kaldes en tilstand af hvilende årvågenhed.Mere end 30 undersøgelser fra hele verden har bekræftet den dybe hvile og afslapning kroppen får under TM-udøvelsen. Og den dybe hviletilstand aktiverer kroppens evne til at helbrede sig selv. Afslapningen giver kroppen mulighed for at fjerne spændinger og træthed der har hobet sig op.
Og Wired to Create diskuterer de forskelle i effekt på sind og hjerne som de to former for meditation har.
In non-directive types of meditation, people focus on their breathing or a sound, but also allow their mind to wander where it will.In concentrative types of meditation, people try to focus closely on their breath, or something else, in order to suppress other thoughts and feelings they experience.
To examine the differences, a Norwegian study had some meditators practising concentrative meditation and others non-directive meditation, while their brains were scanned (Xu et al., 2014).One of the study’s authors, Svend Davanger, explained the results:“The study indicates that nondirective meditation allows for more room to process memories and emotions than during concentrated meditation.”“This area of the brain has its highest activity when we rest.It represents a kind of basic operating system, a resting network that takes over when external tasks do not require our attention.It is remarkable that a mental task like nondirective meditation results in even higher activity in this network than regular rest.”When the experienced meditators practised a directive meditation technique — focusing on one thing to the exclusion of all else — the activity in their brains was similar to when they were simply resting without meditating.
Og det er de neurologisk særligt tæt forbundne moduler af hjernen som sammen er aktive når man er passiv - og fx dagdrømmer eller fantaserer.
... paying attention to the present moment
"In noticing new things about ar topic, you're being creative," she says. "By noticing new things about a topic, you see novel things about it. You see that the thing you thought you knew is different - everything looks different from different perspectives."
Her inddrager de fænomenet 'flow' som jeg tidligere har skrevet om i en del indlæg, og som psykologen Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi har givet navn og beskrevet:
For instance deliberate mindfulness can interfere with the flow state of conciousness, in which we are completely absorbed in an activity and lose track of time. Altso at lot of what may appear mindless may nevertheless be incredibly conducive to creativity. As we saw earlier, unconcious processing can facilitate insights and help push through creative impasses.
... improved task concentration and sustained attention, empathy and compassion, introspection, self-regulation, enhanced memory and improved learning, and positive affect and emotional well-being as well as relief from stress, anxiety, depression, and sleeping problems.
En systematisk gennemgang af 30 'neuroimaging-studies' der beskriver mere en 300 'meditators', viser positive - styrkende - effekter - på et bredt spektrum af områder i hjernen:
The studies revied showed that meditation training consistently altered key brain areas, including the frontpolar cortex (involved in meta-awarenss), the sensory cortices and insula, the hippocampus (involved in memory formation and consolidcation, and learning), and the anterior and mid-cingulate and orbitofrontal cortes (involved in selv and emotional regulation).
Although focused attention can be a gateway to creative thinking, optimal creativity likely results both from mindful and mind-wandering states of mind and, importantly, in the ability to switch from on mode of engagement to the other as needed.
For creativity, the ideal meditation practice is one that create this balance - supporting both the mindful brain and the mind-wandering brian and strengthening both self- and other-focused modes of thought.
The goal, when i comes to enhancing creativity, is not to free the mind of thoughts. The goal is to be fully present to thoughts as they arise and to be able to switch between idel mind wandering and outward-focused attention.
Kunst, kreativitet og kaos i hjernen - ny hjerneforskning om forbindelsen mellem sindsygdomme og det kunstneriske sind
To summarize the function of the three networks: the attention network makes it possible for us to relate directly to the world around us, i.e., here and now, and the default mode network makes it possible to relate to ourselves and our memories and previous experiences, i.e., the past and future. The salience network makes us switch between the two others according to our needs.
The data are clear. To activate your brain's imaginative network, try practicing an open-monitoring og non-directive form of meditation, which allows for constructive mind wandering while also boosting attention
And more than other mindfulness skills, observation is associated with the ability to take note of contents of our internal and external landscape. Baals team concludes: "At state of conscious awareness resulting from living in the moment is not sufficient for creativity to come about. To be creative, you need to have, and be trained in, the ability to carefully observe, notice, or attend to phenomena that pass your mind's eye.